According to the BBC a Paris court has fined Google 300,000 euros (£266,000) in damages and interest for copyright infringement of books owned by French publisher La Martiniere.
La Martiniere was one of many publishers to take Google to court for digitising books without explicit permission.
Google have also been told that they will have to pay 10,000 euros a day until it has removed extracts of the books from its database.
Google had planned to scan millions of books to make them available online; this ruling may have ramifications for this plan.
The BBC report that this case will be seen as a victory for critics of the plan who fear Google is creating a monopoly over information.
The publisher Herve de la Martiniere launched his court case three years ago but Google continued to scan books throughout this time.
This is a big set back for the web giant Google.