Over 1.3 billion people live in China, speaking a variety of different languages and dialects. To help unify such a diverse country, the government has long promoted the use of China’s official language, Mandarin. As a consequence, though, China’s linguistic diversity is fading. 88 Chinese languages are endangered, according to the Globe and Mail, and the Chinese government doesn’t seem particularly interested in preserving them.
The upcoming census could have been used to help quantify the problem, simply by asking respondents to select the languages they speak. However, questions about language were not included in the form.
Chen Xizhou, a minority language expert from the Yunnan Institute for Nationalities, told the Globe and Mail:
“They didn’t ask about something that we really need to know, but they did ask how many houses people have and how many rooms. I don’t know why that is.”
It appears Chen Xizhou can stop wondering. Fang Nailin, the Vice Director of the census, answered that question for the Globe and Mail: the government simply decided that gathering the information was “not important.”
Meanwhile, local languages like Samatao, spoken in a town called Zijun, are declining swiftly. Samatao speaker Guo Chunquan told the Globe and Mail:
“Fifty years ago, people in Zijun would curse you if you dared to speak Mandarin to them. Why didn’t we protect our mother language?”
According to UNESCO, Samatao now has less than 100 speakers. How could it disappear so quickly in 50 years time? 70-year-old Bi Jiagui explained how it happened:
“The people living around Zijun now are all from the Han majority, so we had to speak with them in Mandarin. The other thing that happened was the education system. All the schools started teaching in Mandarin.”